Tunisian journalists concern erosion of press freedom By Reuters

© Reuters. Distinguished Tunisian journalist Mohamed Boughalleb speaks through the filming of his present to be broadcast by way of YouTube, in Tunis, Tunisia September 30, 2022. REUTERS/Jihed Abidellaoui

By Tarek Amara

TUNIS (Reuters) – Since enjoying a number one position in criticizing Tunisia’s more and more highly effective president, distinguished journalist Mohamed Boughalleb has been out of labor, a part of what he and human rights activists the press contemplate it a low-key coverage to chill dissent.

Boughalleb was well-known for his scathing criticism, focusing on figures throughout the political spectrum on his radio present as freedom of expression blossomed after Tunisia’s 2011 revolution.

However as his present ended and job alternatives immediately dried up this summer time, he started to concern that Tunisia’s place because the area’s uncommon beacon of press rights – the one of many few clear achievements of the “Arab Spring” – is in peril.

There was no widespread crackdown on information organizations or journalists, and President Kais Saied has promised to respect freedom of expression. However the principle union of Tunisian journalists, the Syndicat de la presse, stays fearful.

He accused state tv of blacklisting visitor critics of Saied – prices denied by the broadcaster and the federal government.

The president has handed a legislation imposing jail phrases on anybody publishing stories deemed to be ‘false information’, and journalists are complaining about what they see as a marketing campaign of intimidation by Saied supporters on social networks.

“How can the president say he’s defending freedoms when mouths are silenced? How will he know then what individuals count on of him,” Boughalleb stated.

Some critics of Saied accuse him of staging a coup by seizing sweeping powers final summer time and shutting down parliament to rule by decree, strikes he later ratified in a referendum on a brand new structure.

Saied stated the modifications had been essential to confront what he noticed as a corrupt elite, and sometimes says he’ll defend the rights and freedoms Tunisians gained in 2011.


The state information company TAP continues to often cowl subjects that may be ignored by authorities media in different Arab nations, together with protests towards the president.

And a few personal shops additionally proceed to air robust direct criticism of Saied, in addition to satirical packages focusing on him and his allies, and say they are going to proceed to push the envelope.

However many journalists say they now face a extra hostile surroundings when reporting on points politically tough for Saied, corresponding to latest meals shortages, or when straight criticizing his insurance policies.

Bougalleb is now doing his personal present on YouTube. In a good friend’s workplace, he attracts black curtains over the home windows as he prepares to movie an episode.

“Nobody will silence my voice,” he stated.

He had offered a serious present on Shems FM radio for six years, spearheading successive coalition governments and opposition events, together with secularists, Islamists, conservatives and leftists who’ve dominated Tunisia since 2011.

He was additionally a frequent visitor on political exhibits on state tv and personal channels.

When his contract with Shems expired this summer time, it was not renewed. Different media shops he approached informed him they could not rent him “on greater directions,” he stated.


The top of Shems FM stated he couldn’t touch upon the contracts. The Prime Minister’s Workplace declined to touch upon allegations of media restrictions. State tv has dismissed accusations that it excludes criticism of Saied, saying it has lower discuss exhibits.

“We is not going to quit or be silenced. It’s a belief that has been paid for by the martyrs of the revolution,” stated Amira Mohamed, vice-president of the press union.

Press freedom in Tunisia now faces its greatest problem since 2011, and the union was able to name a strike in response, Mohamed added.

At Mosaïque FM, one in every of Tunisia’s largest unbiased broadcasters, journalists proceed to voice robust criticism of Saied.

In a latest episode of his present, satirical journalist Haythem Makki included scathing reporting on Saied’s new election legislation, his enlargement of affect over the election fee, and the media that Makki sees as siding with the authorities.

“There are authorized threats, with years in jail for offenders,” however he would proceed to work as he did, Makki stated.

One other distinguished Mosaïque journalist, Elyes Gharbi, stated it had change into way more tough to speak to officers or entry beforehand public data. Authorities ministers not often gave interviews, he added.

“Regardless of every part, there’s at all times freedom of expression. However on the identical time, we should resist each day for this to proceed,” he stated.